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allegro ist kein MARC-basiertes System. Es war immer schon etwas riskant, ein solches sein zu wollen! Dasselbe gilt für MAB, nur bei MAB sieht es inzwischen jeder - MAB wird abgeschafft. Zwar zugunsten von MARC21, aber die Stimmen werden lauter, in Metadaten-Kreisen, daß auch MARCs Tage gezählt sein sollten. Es stammt aus der Magnetband- und Zettelkatalog-Ära, und das ist deutlich zu sehen und zu fühlen. Diese Themen, so spannend sie sind, sollen hier nicht vertieft werden. Es geht nur darum, sich besser mit MARC-Umgebungen austauschen zu können, denn Austausch zwischen Systemwelten war und ist von hoher Bedeutung, und eine größere Systemwelt als die MARC-Welt gibt es nicht.

 

Dieses Dokument stellt in ganz knapper Form die Essenz des Formats MARC21 vor. Felder, die hier nicht erwähnt sind, haben keine große Bedeutung, es sei denn für spezielle Materialien oder Sonderzwecke, nicht für Anwendungen im Mainstream.

Der Text wurde vor einiger Zeit von der LC bereitgestellt und wird hier leicht erweitert, aber weitgehend unverändert auf Englisch präsentiert. Dies dürfte sinnvoll sein, weil niemand, der sich mit MARC beschäftigt, auf Kenntnisse der englischen Terminologie verzichten kann.

Mit dem allegro-Standardpaket ab V28.3 bereitgestellt und schon ins Export-Komfortmenü eingebunden sind die Parameterdateien marcxml.apr und marctxt.apr, mit denen man allegro-Daten in heute gebräuchlichen Formen exportieren kann, insbes. auch hierarchische und verknüpfte Untersätze in der für deutsche MARC-Daten von der DNB projektierten Weise: es entsteht je ein eigener Satz mit  700 $a$t$n$p.

Außerdem gibt es schon lange e-usmarc.apr, die vor längerer Zeit für die Verwendung mit dem Z39-Server geschaffen wurde (aus hierarchischen Untersätzen wird hierbei aber eine 505 gebildet). Alle diese Parameter benutzen die Umwandlungstabelle ad-ansel.apt, die OstWest-Codes in die MARC-üblichen ANSEL-Codes verwandelt.

 

A Summary of Commonly Used MARC 21 Fields

 

This is a summary of the MARC 21 tags used most frequently by libraries. For full listings of all MARC 21 tags, indicators, and subfield codes, see "MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data" at  http://www.loc.gov/marc/.

 

Terms used in the explanations on these pages:

 

Tags : The tags (3-digit numbers) are followed by the names of the fields they represent. In this summary, and in the MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data, if a tag can appear more than once in one bibliographic record, it is labeled repeatable (R). If it can only be used once, it is labeled non-repeatable (NR). For example, a catalog record can have several subjects, so the tags for subject added entries (6XX) are labeled repeatable (R).

 

Indicators : The use of indicators is explained in fields where they are used. Indicators are one-digit numbers. Beginning with the 010 field, in every field -- following the tag -- are two character positions, one for Indicator 1 and one for Indicator 2. The indicators are not actually defined in all fields, however. And it is possible that a 2nd indicator will be used, while the 1st indicator remains undefined (or vice versa). When an indicator is undefined, the character position will be represented by the character # (for blank space).

 

Subfield codes : All the data in each field (beginning with the 010 field) is divided into subfields, each of which is preceded by a delimiter-subfield code combination. The most common subfield codes used with each tag are shown. Each subfield code is preceded by the character $, signifying a delimiter. The name of the subfield follows the code, the subfield content follows immediately thereafter, with no intervening blank.

 

In general, every field MUST have a subfield 'a' ($a). One exception that is often seen is in Field 020 (ISBN), when the ISBN information (subfield $a) is unavailable but the price (subfield $c) is known. Some subfields are repeatable. In this summary, repeatability is noted for only the more common repeatable subfields.

 

Examples follow the explanation for each field.

         For clarity only, one space has been placed between the tag and the first indicator, one space has been placed between the second indicator and the first subfield code, and one space has been inserted between the subfield code and the subfield data. In real data, there spaces are not correct and may cause trouble!

 

Leader  24 Byte-Positionen am Anfang des Datensatzes, siehe weiter unten

008       siehe unten

010 Library of Congress Control Number -- (LCCN)

      (NR = Not Repeatable)

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- Library of Congress control number

 

     Example:    010 ## $a ###86000988#

 

020 International Standard Book Number -- (ISBN)

      (R = Repeatable)

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- International Standard Book Number

$c -- Terms of availability (often a price)

$z -- Cancelled/invalid ISBN (R)

 

     Example:    020 ## $a 0877547637

 

 

040 Cataloging source -- (NR)

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- Original cataloging agency

$c -- Transcribing agency

$d -- Modifying agency (R)

 

     Example:    040 ## $a DLC

                        $c DLC

                        $d gwhs 

 

100 Main entry -- Personal name -- (primary author)

      (NR; there can be only one main entry)

      Indicator 1: Type of personal name entry element

0 -- Forename

1 -- Surname (this is the most common form)

3 -- Family name

      Indicator 2 undefined.

      Indicator 2 obsoleted in 1990. Older records may have 0 or 1

$a -- Personal name

$b -- Numeration

$c -- Titles and other words associated with a name (R)

$q -- Fuller form of name

$d -- Dates associated with a name (generally, year of birth-)

 

     Example:    100 1# $a Gregory, Ruth W.

                        $q (Ruth Wilhelme),

                        $d 1910-

 

130 Main entry -- Uniform title -- (NR)

      Indicator 1: Nonfiling characters

      0-9 -- Number of nonfiling characters present (for initial articles, including spaces)

      Indicator 2 undefined.

      Indicator 2 became obsolete in 1990. (See 100 above.)

$a -- Uniform title

$p -- Name of part/section of a work (R)

$l -- Language of a work

$s -- Version

$f -- Date of a work

 

     Example:    130 0# $a Bible.

                        $p O.T.

                        $p Psalms.

 

240 Uniform title (NR) 

      Indicator 1: Uniform title printed or displayed

0 -- Not printed or displayed

1 -- Printed or displayed (most common)

      Indicator 2: Nonfiling characters

      0-9 -- Number of nonfiling characters present (for initial articles, including spaces)

$a -- Uniform title

$l -- Language of a work

$f -- Date of a work

 

     Example:    240 10 $a Ile mystérieuse.

                        $l English.

                        $f 1978

 

245 Title Statement (NR) 

     Indicator 1: Title added entry

     (Should the title be indexed as a title added entry?)

    0 -- No title added entry

      (indicates a title main entry; i.e. no author is given)

    1 -- Title added entry

      (the proper indicator when an author given in 1XX; the most common situation)

     Indicator 2: Nonfiling characters

                  0-9 -- Number of nonfiling characters present, including spaces; usually set at zero, except when the title begins with an article; e.g., for The robe, the second indicator would be set to 4. The letters T, h, e, and the space following them are then ignored in alphabetizing titles. The record will be automatically filed under "r" -- for Robe.

    $a -- Title proper

    $h -- Medium (often used for non-book media)

    $n -- Number of part/section of a work (R)

    $p -- Name of part/section of a work (R)

    $b -- Reminder of title (subtitles, etc.)

    $c -- Remainder of title page transcription/Statement of responsibility

       

     Example:    245 14 $a The DNA story :

                        $b a documentary history of gene

                           cloning /

                        $c James D. Watson, John Tooze.

 

246 Varying form of title (R) 

      Indicator 1: Note/title added entry controller

1 -- Note, title added entry

3 -- No note, title added entry

      Indicator 2: Type of title

# -- No information provided

0 -- Portion of title

1 -- Parallel title

4 -- Cover title

8 -- Spine title

 

$a -- Title proper

 

     Example:    246 3# $a Four corners power review

 

 

250 Edition statement (NR) 

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- Edition statement

 

     Example:    250 ## $a 6th ed.

 

 

260 Publication, distribution, etc. (Imprint) (R) 

      Indicator 1: Sequence of publishing statements

# -- No information provided

      Indicator 2: Undefined

$a -- Place of publication, distribution, etc. (R)

$b -- Name of publisher, distributor, etc. (R)

$c -- Date of publication, distribution, etc. (R)

 

     Example:    260 ## $a New York :

                        $b Chelsea House,

                        $c 1986.

 

300 Physical description (R) 

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- Extent (number of pages) (R)

$b -- Other physical details (usually illustration information)

$c -- Dimensions (cm.) (R)

$e -- Accompanying material (for example, "teacher's guide" or "manual")

 

     Example:    300 ## $a 139 p. :

                        $b ill. ;     

                        $c 24 cm.

 

440 Series statement / Added entry--Title (R) 

      Indicator 1 undefined

      Indicator 2: Nonfiling characters

      0-9 -- Number of nonfiling characters present (for initial articles, including spaces)

$a -- Title

$v -- Volume number

 

     Example:    440 #0 $a Modern critical views ;

                        $v 26

 

490 Series statement (No added entry is traced from field) (R) 

  Indicator 1: Specifies whether series is traced (whether an 8XX tag is also present, tracing the series differently)

0 -- Series not traced

1 -- Series traced differently (8XX is in record)

      Indicator 2 undefined.

$a -- Series statement (R)

$v -- Volume number (R)

 

     Example:    490 1# $a Colonial American craftsmen

 

500 General note (R) 

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- General note (Used when no specialized note field has been defined for the information. Examples: Notes regarding the index; the source of the title; variations in title; descriptions of the nature, form, or scope of the item.)

 

     Example:    500 ##  $a Includes index.

 

504 Bibliography, etc. note (R) 

      Indicators undefined.

$a -- Bibliography, etc. note

 

 

     Example:    504 ## $a Includes bibliographical

                           references.

 

505 Formatted contents note (R) 

      Indicator 1: Type of contents note

0 -- Complete contents

1 -- Incomplete contents (used with multivolume set when some volumes are not yet published)

2 -- Partial contents

      Indicator 2: Level of content designation

# -- Basic

 

$a -- Formatted contents note

 

     Example:    505 0# $a Pride and prejudice -- Emma

                           -- Northanger Abbey.

 

520 Summary, etc. note (R) 

      Indicator 1: Display constant controller

# -- Summary

1 -- Review

2 -- Scope and content

3 -- Abstract

      Indicator 2 undefined

$a -- Summary, abstract, or annotation

$b -- Expansion of summary note

 

     Example:    520 ## $a This basic guide to parliamentary

                           procedure tells how to conduct

                           and participate in a meeting

                           properly.

 

600 Subject added entry -- Personal name (R) 

      Indicator 1: Type of personal name entry element

0 -- Forename

1 -- Surname (this is the most common form)

3 -- Family name

      Indicator 2: Subject heading system/thesaurus (identifies the specific list or file which was used)

0 -- Library of Congress Subject Headings

1 -- LC subject headings for children's literature

2 -- Medical Subject Headings

3 -- National Agricultural Library subject authority file

4 -- Source not specified

5 -- Canadian Subject Headings

6 -- Répertoire de vedettes-matière

7 -- Source specified in subfield $2

 

$a -- Personal name (surname and forename)

$b -- Numeration

$c -- Titles and other words associated with a name (R)

$q -- Fuller form of name

$d -- Dates associated with a name (generally, year of birth)

$t -- Title of a work

$v -- Form subdivision (R)

$x -- General subdivision (R)

$y -- Chronological subdivision (R)

$z -- Geographic subdivision (R)

$2 -- Source of heading or term (used with 2nd indicator of 7, for ex. "sears")

 

     Example:    600 10 $a Shakespeare, William,

                        $d 1564-1616

                        $x Comedies   

                        $x Stage history.

 

     Example:    600 10 $a Shakespeare, William,

                        $d 1564-1616

                        $x Knowledge

                        $z Rome

                        $v Congresses.

 

Notice that subfields $v, $x, and $z in the 600 field are repeatable. Subfields $v, $x, $y, and $z do not have to be in alphabetical order. They will be in the order prescribed by the instructions given by the subject heading system.

 

610 Subject added entry -- Corporate name (R) 

      Indicator 1: Type of corporate name entry element

0 -- Inverted name (not used with AACR2)

1 -- Jurisdiction name

2 -- Name in direct order

      Indicator 2: Subject heading system/thesaurus.

      See indicator 2 under 600

$a -- Corporate name or jurisdiction name as entry element

$b -- Subordinate unit (R)

$v -- Form subdivision (R)

$x -- General subdivision (R)

$y -- Chronological subdivision (R)

$z -- Geographic subdivision (R)

$2 -- Source of heading or term (used with 2nd indicator of 7)

 

     Example:    610 10 $a United States.

                        $b Army Air Forces

                        $v Biography.

 

650 Subject added entry -- Topical term (Most subject headings fit here.) (R) 

      Indicator 1: Level of subject

# -- No information provided

      Indicator 2: Subject heading system/thesaurus

      (identifies the specific list or file which was used)

0 -- Library of Congress Subject Headings

1 -- LC subject headings for children's literature

2 -- Medical Subject Headings

3 -- National Agricultural Library subject authority file

4 -- Source not specified

5 -- Canadian Subject Headings

6 -- Répertoire de vedettes-matière

7 -- Source specified in subfield $2

 

$a -- Topical term

$v -- Form subdivision (R)

$x -- General subdivision (R)

$y -- Chronological subdivision (R)

$z -- Geographic subdivision (R)

$2 -- Source of heading or term used with 2nd indicator of 7)

 

     Example:    650 #0 $a Theater

                        $z United States

                        $v Biography

                        $v Dictionaries.

 

Notice that subfields $v, $x, and $z in the 650 field are repeatable. Subfields $v, $x, $y, and $z do not have to be in alphabetical order. They will be in the order prescribed by the instructions given by the subject heading system.

 

651 Subject added entry -- Geographic name (R) 

      Indicator 1: undefined.

      Indicator 2: Subject heading system/thesaurus.

      See indicator 2 under 600

$a -- Geographic name

$v -- Form subdivision (R)

$x -- General subdivision (R)

$y -- Chronological subdivision (R)

$z -- Geographic subdivision (R)

$2 -- Source of heading or term (used with 2nd indicator of 7)

 

     Example:    651 #0 $a United States

                        $x History

                        $v Chronology.

 

Notice that subfields $v, $x, and $z in the 651 field are repeatable. Subfields $v, $x, $y, and $z do not have to be in alphabetical order. They will be in the order prescribed by the instructions given by the subject heading system.

 

700 Added entry -- Personal name (R) 

      Indicator 1: Type of personal name entry element

0 -- Forename

1 -- Surname (this is the most common form)

3 -- Family name

      Indicator 2: Type of added entry

# -- No information provided (most common; co-authors, editors, etc.)

2 -- Analytical entry (The values for Indicator 2 changed in 1994 with Format Integration, and older records may display additional values. An analytical entry involves an author/title of an item contained in a work.)

$a -- Personal name

$b -- Numeration

$c -- Titles and other words associated with a name (R)

$q -- Fuller form of name

$d -- Dates associated with a name (generally, year of birth)

$t -- Title of a work

$n -- Number of part/section of a work

$p -- Name of part/section of a work

$e -- Relator term (such as ill.) (R)

$4 -- Relator code (R)

     Example:    700 1# $a Baldridge, Letitia. 

 

710 Added entry -- Corporate name (R) 

      Indicator 1: Type of corporate name entry element

0 -- Inverted name (not used with AACR2)

1 -- Jurisdiction name

2 -- Name in direct order

      Indicator 2: Type of added entry.

      See Indicator 2 under 700

# -- No information provided

2 -- Analytical entry

$a -- Corporate name or jurisdiction name as entry element

$b -- Subordinate unit (R)

     Example:    710 2# $a Sunburst Communications (Firm)

 

740 Added entry -- Uncontrolled related/analytical title (R) 

      Indicator 1: Nonfiling characters

       0-9 -- Number of nonfiling characters present (for initial articles, including spaces)

      Indicator 2:Type of added entry. See Indicator 2 under 700

# -- No information provided

2 -- Analytical entry

(This field was redefined in 1994 with Format Integration. Prior to 1994, the field was also used for variant titles, such as a different wording on a spine title. In records created since Format Integration, those variant tiles appear in a 246 field.)

$a -- Title

     Example:    740 02 $a Uncle Vanya.

 

800 Series added entry -- Personal name (R) 

      Indicator 1: Type of personal name entry element

0 -- Forename

1 -- Surname

3 -- Family name

      Indicator 2 undefined.

$a -- Personal name

$b -- Numeration

$c -- Titles and other words associated with a name (R)

$q -- Fuller form of name

$d -- Dates associated with a name (generally, year of birth)

$t -- Title of a work (the series)

$v -- Volume number

     Example:    800 1# $a Fisher, Leonard Everett.

                        $t Colonial American craftsmen.

 

830 Series added entry -- Uniform title (R) 

      Indicator 1 undefined.

      Indicator 2: Nonfiling characters

      0-9 -- Number of nonfiling characters present (for initial articles, including spaces)

$a -- Uniform title

$v -- Volume number

 

     Example:    830 #0 $a Railroads of America (Macmillan)

 

 

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Other Fields Often Seen in MARC Records

001  Control number

003  Control number identifier

005  Date and time of latest transaction

006  Fixed-length data elements -- additional material characteristics

007  Physical description fixed field

008  Fixed length data elements (See Part X)

022  International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

037  Source of acquisition

041  Language code

043  Geographic area code

050  Library of Congress call number

060  National Library of Medicine call number

082  Dewey Decimal classification number (the one recommended by the Library of Congress; locally-assigned call numbers may appear elsewhere)

110  Main entry -- Corporate name (less frequent under AACR2 rules)

256  Computer file characteristics

263  Projected publication date

      (indicates a CIP (Cataloging in Publication) record)

306  Playing time

508  Creation/production credits note

510  Citation/references note (review sources)

511  Participant or performer note

521  Target audience note (first indicator: 0 = reading grade level, 1 = interest age level, 2 = interest grade level, 3 = special audience characteristics, 4 = motivation interest level)

530  Additional physical form available note

538  System details note

586  Awards note

656  Index term -- Occupation

730  Added entry -- Uniform title

852  Location

856  Electronic location and access

9XX  Reserved for local use. (They are used by vendors, systems, or individual libraries to exchange additional data)

 

 

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The Leader

There are 24 positions in the Leader, numbered from 00 to 23. For fuller explanation, see the MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data.

 

00-04 Record length (calculated by the computer for each record)

 

05 Record status

 a = increase in encoding level

 c = corrected or revised

 d = deleted

 n = new

 p = increase in encoding from prepublication (previous CIP)

 

06 Type of record

 a = language material

 c = printed music

 d = manuscript music

 e = cartographic material

 f = manuscript cartographic material

 g = projected medium

 i = nonmusical sound recording

 j = musical sound recording

 k = 2-dimensional nonprojectable graphic

 m = computer file

 o = kit

 p = mixed materials

 r = 3-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object

 t = manuscript language material

 

07 Bibliographic level

 a = monographic component part

 b = serial component part

 c = collection

 d = subunit

 i = integrating resource

 m = monograph/item

 s = serial

 

08 Type of control

 # = no specified type

 a = archival

 

09 Character coding scheme

 # = MARC-8

 a = UCS/Unicode

 

10 Indicator count (always "2")

11 Subfield code count (always "2")

12-16 Base address of data (calculated by the computer for each record)

 

17 Encoding level

 # = full level

 1 = full level, material not examined

 2 = less-than-full level, material not examined

 3 = abbreviated level

 4 = core level

 5 = partial (preliminary) level

 7 = minimal level

 8 = prepublication level (CIP)

 u = unknown

 z = not applicable

 

18 Descriptive cataloging form

 # = non-ISBD

 a = AACR2

 i = ISBD

 u = unknown

 

19 Multipart resource record level

  # = not specified or not applicable

  a = Set  [main record for the multipart work as a whole]

  b = Part with independent title

  c = Part with dependent title

 

20 Length of the length-of-field portion (always "4")

21 Length of the starting-character-position portion (always "5")

22 Length of the implementation-defined portion (always "0")

23 Undefined (always "0")

 

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Field 008 for Books

Field 008 is used for Fixed Length Data Elements ("Fixed Field Codes").

There are 40 character positions in field 008, numbered from 00-39.

Undefined positions must contain either a blank (#) or a fill character ( | ).

Positions 00-17 and 35-39 are defined the same way for all media.

 

The information shown here for positions 18-34 applies only to books. For explanation of all the positions below and for positions 18-34 for other media, see the MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data.

 

Note that field 008 has no indicators or subfield codes.

 

00-05 Date entered on file (YYMMDD),

      where Y=year, M=month, and D=day

 

06 Type of date/publication status:

 b = no dates given; B.C. date involved

 e = detailed date

 s = single known date/probable date

 m = multiple dates

 r = reprint/reissue date (Date 1) and original date (Date 2)

 n = dates unknown

 q = questionable date

 t = publication date and copyright date

 | = no attempt to code

 

07-10 Date 1/beginning date of publication 

11-14 Date 2/ending date of publication

 

Date fields contain the year(s) of publication. The type of date(s) in these elements are specified in fixed field element 06: Type of date/publication status. (For further details, see the field 008 description in the MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data.)

 

15-17 Place of publication, production, or execution

For example:

 pk# = Pakistan

 cau = California (US)

(For a full list of codes used in these positions, see the MARC Code List for Countries.)

 

18-21 Illustrations (up to 4 codes): 

 # = no illustrations

 a = illustrations

 b = maps

 c = portraits

 d = charts

 e = plans

 f = plates

 g = music

 h = facsimiles

 i = coats of arms

 j = genealogical tables

 k = forms

 l = samples

 m = phonodisc, phonowire, etc.

 o = photographs

 p = illuminations

 | = no attempt to code

 

22 Target audience: 

 # = unknown or not specified

 a = preschool

 b = primary

 c = pre-adolescent

 d = adolescent

 e = adult

 f = specialized

 g = general

 j = juvenile

 | = no attempt to code

 

23 Form of item: 

 # = none of the following

 a = microfilm

 b = microfiche

 c = microopaque

 d = large print

 f = braille

 r = regular print reproduction

 s = electronic

 | = no attempt to code

 

24-27 Nature of contents (up to 4): 

 # = no specified nature of contents

 a = abstracts/summaries

 b = bibliographies (is one or contains one)

 c = catalogs

 d = dictionaries

 e = encyclopedias

 f = handbooks

 g = legal articles

 i = indexes

 j = patent document

 k = discographies

 l = legislation

 m = theses

 n = surveys of literature

 o = reviews

 p = programmed texts

 q = filmographies

 r = directories

 s = statistics

 t = technical reports

 u = standards/specifications

 v = legal cases and notes

 w = law reports and digests

 z = treaties

 | = no attempt to code

 

28 Government publication: 

 # = not a government publication

 i = international intergovernmental

 f = federal/national

 a = autonomous or semi-autonomous component

 s = state, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.

 m = multistate

 c = multilocal

 l = local

 z = other type of government publication

 o = government publication -- level undetermined

 u = unknown if item is government publication

 | = no attempt to code

 

29 Conference publication: 

 0 = not a conference publication

 1 = conference publication

 | = no attempt to code

 

30 Festschrift: 

 0 = not a festschrift

 1 = festschrift

 | = no attempt to code

 

31 Index: 

 0 = no index

 1 = index present

 | = no attempt to code

 

32 Undefined (since 1990)

            (Earlier records may contain the values 0 or 1)

 # = Undefined

 | = no attempt to code

 

33 Literary form: 

 0 = not fiction (not further specified)

 1 = fiction (not further specified)

 c = comic strips

 d = dramas

 e = essays

 f = novels

 h = humor, satires, etc.

 i = letters

 j = short stories

 m = mixed forms

 p = poetry

 s = speeches

 u = unknown

 | = no attempt to code

 

34 Biography: 

 # = no biographical material

 a = autobiography

 b = individual biography

 c = collective biography

 d = contains biographical information

 | = no attempt to code

 

35-37 Language:

A three-letter code. For example: eng fre ger spa rus ita

(For a full list of codes used in these positions, see the MARC Code List for Languages.)

 

38 Modified record: 

 # = not modified

 x = missing characters (because of characters unavailable in MARC character set)

 s = shortened

 d = "dashed-on" information omitted

 r = completely romanized/printed cards in script

 o = completely romanized/printed cards romanized

 | = no attempt to code

 

39 Cataloging source: 

 # = national bibliographic agency

 c = cooperative cataloging program

 d = other sources

 u = unknown

 | = no attempt to code

   



[i] zuletzt aktualisiert: 08.04.2011
Email: ub@tu-bs.de